Use our map to find your local welfare assistance scheme
Posted: 24 May 2013
If you have followed the UK’s progress on its child poverty targets, or some of the recent debates about family living standards, you may be interested to find out how complicated it is to establish how much money a particular family in the UK needs in order to be above the income poverty line. (Use our calculator.)
It's often complicated because the poverty line for a family varies to account for factors such as the age of family members and the family's size. While a variable poverty line makes sense – after all, a five-person family needs more money to meet the same standard of living as a three-person family – it makes it impossible to give a single, fixed amount of cash a family needs to escape poverty.
However, our new calculator allows you to get an idea of what the poverty line looks like for a given family type. By inputting some basic household details, you can calculate a family’s poverty line in any year from 2000 to the present.
To use our calculator, simply select a year and add the details for a family type you would like to explore. The rows towards the lower half of the calculator will give you details about the poverty line and median income for the given year.
The calculator also shows weekly out-of-work benefit levels for working age claimants and their children.
The chart at the bottom of the page shows you how the family's base benefit rate has changed from 2000-15 as a proportion of the poverty line and of median income (also varied to take account of household composition). Year by year, this enables you to see how benefit levels for a particular family corresponds to the poverty line and average income.
Share any notable or interesting findings you uncover while using the calculator by leaving a comment at the bottom of the page.
In addition to publishing some of our own analysis based on findings from the calculator over the next few weeks, we will also develop the calculator (eg by incorporating food or fuel poverty levels). Let us know if you have any ideas for variables that would be useful to you.
Complete the first five rows to calculate the poverty line, median income and benefit rates, expressed in pounds per week.
Please see our methodology for information about sources of our information.
Benefit rates shown are the base benefit rates for out of work households with no other sources of income. The calculator does not show additions, for example, for support with housing costs, or on account of disabilities. The calculator also does not show rates of support for working families.
For simplicity, child tax credit baby addition for families with a child under one (2003-2011) and additional child premiums for children over age 16 (2000-2003) are excluded from this analysis.
The 2000-2012 poverty thresholds are based on the DWP's Households below average income report series; 2013 to 2015 thresholds are based on income growth estimates published by the Institute for Fiscal Studies.
This page has been updated since its original publication in 2012.